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New super enzyme eats plastic bottles six times faster

This is new MHETase – PETase enzyme. Jointly developed by U.K and U.S scientists. It was inspired by Japanese.

A super enzyme that degrades plastic bottles six time faster, than before has been created by scientists and could be used for recycling within a year or two.

The super enzyme derived from bacteria that naturally evalvuated the ability to eat plastic, enables the full recycling of the bottles.

Scientists believe combining it with enzymes that break down cotton could also allow mixed fabric clothing to be recycled.

Today, millions of tonnes of such clothing is either dumbed in landfill or incinerated.

Plastic pollution has contaminated the whole planet, from the Arctic to the deepest oceans, and people are now known to consume and breathe microplastic particules.

The super enzyme was engineered by linking two separate enzymes, both of which were found in the plastic eating bug discovered at a Japanese waste site in 2016.

The researchers revealed an engineered version of the first enzyme in 2018, which started breaking down the plastic in a few days.

But the super enzyme gets to work six times faster. “When we linked the enzymes, rather unexpectedly, we got a dramatic increase in activity”, said Prof John MCGeehan, at the University of protsmouth, UK.

This is a trajectory towards trying to make faster enzymes that are more industrialy relevant.

The new super enzyme works at room temperature, and MCGeehan said combining different approaches could speed progress towards commerical use: ” if we can make better, faster enzyme by linking them together and provide them to companies like carbios, and work in partnership, we could start doing this within the next year or two”.

The 2018 work hard determined that the structure of one enzyme, called PETase , can attack the hard, crystalline surface of plastic bottles.

They found, by accident that one mutant version worked 20% faster.

The new study analysed a second enzyme also found in the Japanese bacteria that doubles the speed of the breakdown of the chemical groups liberated by the first enzyme.

Bacteria that breakdown natural polymers like cellulose have evolved this twin approach over millions of years.

The Scientists thought by connecting the two enzymes together, it might increase the speed of degradation, and enable them to work more closely together.

The linked suepr enzyme would be impossible for a bacterium to create, as the molecules would be too large.

So the Scientists connected the two enzyme in the laboratory and saw a further tripling of the speed.

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Benefits of Turmeric

Boosts cognitive function:

Curcumin protects brain cells by binding to and dissolving abnormal proteins.

Fights body wide inflammation:

Curcumin has been proven to significantly lower levels of inflammatory markers.

Support Cardiovascular Function:

Curcumin supports heart health by promoting a healthy inflammatory response.

Promotes youthful Radiant Skin:

Curcumin promotes soft, smooth, glowing skin and fights lines and wrinkles.

Support join and muscles health:

Curcumin promotes a healthy inflammatory response and eases aches and pains.

Boosts detoxification:

Curcumin optimizes function of liver, the body’s primary organ of detoxification.

Promotes healthy mood balance:

Curcumin has been shown to be an extremely effective natural mood enhancer.

Supports Natural weight loss:

Curcumin can enhance weight loss when combined with healthy diet and exercise.

Black pepper Enhances Bioavailability of Turmeric:

Research suggests that taking an extract of black pepper called piperine with Curcumin can boost absorption, amplifying curcumin’s impressive ability to curb inflammation, protect the brain and revitalize health.

Despite curcumin’s remarkable health benefits, it has the drawback of being difficult for the body to absorb. But according to a study published in plants Medica, when 20mg of black pepper extract is administered together with Curcumin, it boosts the Bioavailability of the turmeric derived compound by 2,000%.

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“Hero Rat” wins gold medal

A landmine detection rat has been awarded the animal equivalent of a George cross for this “life saving bravery”.

Magawa, a giant African pouched rat, has discovered 39 land mines and 28 items of unexploded ordnance since has was trained by charity APOPO.

He is the charity’s most successful Hero Rat.

Having cheard more than 141,000 square meters of land – the equivalent of 20 foot ball pitches.

Magawa has been formally recognized for his work and been presented with a miniature PDSA gold medal.

He is the first rat in the charity’s 77 year history to receive such an award.

Magawa, who is descraid as a bundle of energy and a real character with a steely determination can sniff out explosives ninety six times faster than conventional solutions.

Christophe Cox, chief executive of APOPO told especially who are waking up every day, very easily, to train those animals in the morning.

He said, rats are intelligent and work at repetitive tasks for food rewards better than other animals.

Their size means they are in less danger when walk through landmine fields.

The rates require years of training before they are classified.

They work for award half an hour a day in the early morning.

One they detect a landmine they scratch the top which alerts their human handlers.

The rates are trained to detect a chemical compound within explosives. And because they ignore any scrap metal lying around they work faster than a metal detertorist.

Magawa, who is now nearing reteriment age can scratch the area of a tennis lowest in 30 min. Something that would take a human with a metal detector up to four days

Combodia estimates that between four and six million landmines where laid in the country between 1975 and 1998. Where have sadly caused on a 64,000 casualties. Magawa work directly saves and changes the loves of men, woman and children. Who are impacted by these landmine.

Every discovery he makes reduces the risk of injury or death for local people. The POSH Animal awards programme seeks to raise.

The states of animal in society. And honour the incredible contribution they make to our lives.

magwa’s dedication, skill and bravery are an extraordinary example of this and deserve the highest possible recongnition.

Combodia has the highest number of mine amputees per capita in the world – more than 40,000 people.

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Future Technology

Hello everyone! Here’s 8 technology tipping points we will reach by 2030,

Robots:

Robots have already distrupted blue collar industries. But soon they’ll all so start distrupting white – collar jobs.

There could even be robot pharmacists by 2021.

Sensors:

The internet of things is only going to expand form the side walk, we walk on to the clothing we wear.

1 trillion different sensors could be connected to the internet by 2022.

Medical:

3D printing is revolutionizing the medical industry.

It has already been used to replace past of a rib-cage.

The technology could be used for organ transplants by 2024.

Internet:

79% of respondents surveyed believe that the internet will become a basic right by 2024.

Phone:

Electronic components continuou to increase in power and decrease in size.

80% of respondents predict that the first implantable phones will become commercially available by 2024.

Instead of talking – the implanted phone could allow users to communicate this thought via bring waves.

Cars:

The car Sharing economy is exploring across the world.

And is changing people’s thoughts on car ownership.

67% of respondents believe more rides will be occur with ride sharing than privately was cars by 2026.

Artificial intelligence:

Artificial intelligence can learn from past mistakes, and automate complex decisions based on big data.

Expert’s believe an artificial intelligence machine will join a corporate board of directors by 2026.

Time traveling machine:

The main proposal that people at least consider worthy of attention for travelling to the part does make use of a weird called wormholes.

The wormhole is something that really Albert Einstein again discovered the guy has like got his name written over everything in this field, it’s a bridge, if you will form one location in space to another, it’s kind of a tunnel gives you a short gut, to go from here to here now he discovered this in 1935 but it was subsequently realize that if you manipulate the openings of a wormhole – put one near a black whole or take one on a high speed journey – then time of the two openings of this wormhole, tunnel will not tick off at the same rate, so that you will no longer just go from one location in space to another, if you go through this tunnel through this wormhole you will go from one moment in time to a different moment in time go one way, you will travel to the past, the other way to travel to the future.

UGC 1810: wildly interacting Galaxy from Hubble

What’s happening to this spiral Galaxy?

Although details remain uncertain, it surely has to do with an ongoing battle with it’s smaller galactic neighbor.

The featured Galaxy is labelled UGC 1810 by itself, but together with it’s collisional partner is known as Arp 273.

The overall shape of UGC 1810 – in particular its blue outer ring — is likely result of wild and wild gravitational interactions.

This rings blue colour is caused by massive stars that are blue hot and have formed only in the past few million years.

The inner Galaxy appears older, redder, and threaded with cool filamentary dust. A few bright stars appear well in the foreground, unrelated to UGC 1810, while several galaxies are visible well in the background. Arp 273 lies about 300 million light years away toward the constellation of Andromeda.

Quite likely, UGC 1810 will devour it’s galactic sidekick over the next billion years and settle into a classic spiral form.

Indian Researchers create world’s first bandage that can cure skin cancer

For years doctors and scientist community’s have been working towards developing new and less harmful ways of creating skin cancer will surgery on hemothraphy generally used for treating cancer hemothraphy also has several side effects and several limitations.

Indian institute of science researchers have developed a non – invasive method of curing skin cancer, with the help of special bandage, which included magnetic nano fibres.

It applies the alternative treatment of magnetic nanoparticles are used to heat the tumors with the help of external alternating current magnetic fields.

Usually, this method can be difficult to work with as if uniform heating isn’t achieved. It can accumulate in the human body and induce toxicity. However, circumvent this, researchers from the center for biosystems science and engineering as well as the department and genetics at IISC has developed a bandage with a unique blend of nanoparticles that are fabricated using a novel method called elcetro spinning.

The nanoparticles are made of an iron oxide-Fe304 as well as a polymer dubbed polycaprolactone (PCL) which is stuck on surgical tape. The high frequency oscillating magnetic field generates the beat which helps in curing the tumor.

For testing the efficacy of this bandage, the researchers conducted two experiments – one was in vitro on human cancer cells lines while the other was in vivo on mice with an artificially induced skin cancer.

Kaushik suneet, a former project associate at BSSE and the first author of the study explains. “The protocol used to prepare the PCL – Fe304 fibrous mat – based bandage took a little more than two months to optimize; however, the in vitro and in vivo tests that involved the testing of the magnetic thermal therapy took quite some time to optimize”. In both methods, it was able to cure skin cancer effectively. Also, in vivo testing showed that healthy tissue was intact without suffering any damage, burns or inflammation.

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