WHAT IF WE DON’T SLEEP FOR A MONTH?

A world record was made when Randy Gardener went 264 hours or 11 days straight without sleeping. He made this record at the age of 17 in 1964 and still hold it to this day.

Worst and the most probable thing that can happen if you don’t sleep for a month if death. According to experts when someone don’t sleep for a day, many hormonal changes takes place within the body, blood pressure starts increasing.

After three days your will start loosing control over body, body temperature and immunity will start decreasing and if this goes on for long, soon it be turn into fatal. Problem like diabetes, heart attack, heart failure, obesity, depression and lower sex drive can over you.

Over time it can lead to premature wrinkles and dark circles under the eyes. Lack of sleep can increase stress hormones in the body and skin will loose it smoothness. Therefore it’s always important to take a proper sleep at proper time, cause maturity is when you realize nothing is more important than sleep.

WHY OUR FINGERS GET WRINKLY IN WATER?

Have you stayed in a pool for too long, so long that your fingers got wrinkly.

WHY DOES IT HAPPEN?

Let’s find out in detail. Some people often assume that wrinkling is the result of water entering skin. Which makes our fingers little swell up but that is completely wrong.

According to a latest research it happens due to autonomic nervous system, system that controls breathing and heart rate. As we stay in a pool of water too long nervous system sends message to blood vessels and directs them to become narrower.

As our blood vessels becomes narrower total volume of our fingertips reduces and cause loose folds of skin with wrinkles.

BUT WHY DOES IT HAPPEN UNDERWATER?

It’s easier to pick up objects with wrinkly fingers and gives us more grip.

HERE’S HOW ‘CHIPANZEE POOP’ IS HELPING INDIA FIGHT COVID-19

Over the past year, Scientists worldwide have toiled day and night to find a highly effective Vaccine for COVID-19. From the ‘Viral Vector’ to the ‘Protein Subunit’, many types of vaccines are being put to use to fight the ongoing pandemic.

One of the vaccines – Oxford – Astrazeneca Vaccine – is taking help from a unique source – Chimpanzee poop!

The Vaccine, developed by the University of Oxford and its spin – off company Vaccitech, is made from an adenovirus isolated from chimp faeces that has been genetically modified so that it cannot spread in humans.

The weakened version of the common cold virus (adenovirus) causes infection in chimpanzees and contains the genetic material of the SARS-coV-2 virus spike protein that helps the novel coronavirus to enter human cells.

The surface spike protein is developed after the vaccine is injected, priming the immune system to attack the SARS-coV-2 virus if it subsequently infects the body.

The Serum Institute of India (Sll), the world’s largest vaccine producer by volume, is producing a variant of the Oxford-Astrazeneca COVID-19 vaccine known as ‘Covishield’ in India.

HOW CRISTIANO RONALDO BEAT HEART DISEASE AND BECAME THE BEST – SUCCESS STORY

Cristiano Ronaldo was born in Madeira and comes from a very poor family. His early life was filled with struggles. His father was a gardener, who was an alcoholic and in 2005 died from liver failure. His mother worked as a cook and a cleaning lady so she can provide a hot meal for the family. “I was brought up with nothing, we were very poor. I had no toys and no Christmas presents. I shared a room with my brother and two sisters and my parents slept in the other.”

When Cristiano Ronaldo was playing for Sporting Lisbon, at the age of 15, his career almost ended before it began. Cristiano was diagnosed with a heart condition that unfortunately made his heart race even when he was not running or playing. He had to underwent a heart surgery the successfully fixed the problem, so finally he could run, practice and focus on the thing that was most important achieving his dream.

In 2003, Cristiano Ronaldo signed a €15 million contract and became the first Portuguese player to be part of Manchester United. After he joined the team and secured himself a future as a football star, Sir Alex Ferguson insisted on giving him the No. 7 Jersey.

In 2009, when Cristiano Ronaldo made a move from Manchester United to Real Madrid, he became that most expensive footballer in history in a transfer worth 94 million euros.

After nearly a decade, his career with Real Madrid ended, when Ronaldo signed a four-year contract with Juventus, with a transfer worth €100 million, the transfer was the highest even for a player over 30 years old.

But he like every human being had difficulties, failures and disappointments…but his incredible capability to focus, work hard and build his skills every day, made him who he is today.

WHAT ARE SOME FACTS ABOUT MICHAEL JACKSON?

Many people think Michael Jackson used to sleep in Oxygen Chamber to slow down aging, but it’s half truth. MJ did bought oxygen Chamber but it was probably used only a few hours a day.

It’s said MJ predicted his death, as he handed letters to one of his close friend, two month before, which says “I am afraid someone is trying to murder me”.

MJ was recognised by the Guinness book of world records as the highest deceased earner among all other artists. As of 2010 his earning was approximately 275 million dollars.

There was a rumour that barcode on Jackson’s album is his personal number, because he wanted to make his number publicly available. Someone with that number must have received tons of calls.

Michael Jackson was the first Black Artist whose video was published in MTV. And name of that music video is Billie Jean.

While shooting Pepsi commerical, MJ suffered an accident and burned his hairs. But instead of filing complaint against company, he said them to fund burned victims treatment.

When he died, Twitter, AOL, and Wikipedia, all crashed, this was on June 25th at exactly 3:15 pm. News of death spread like a shock wave throughout the planet.

Michael Jackson won 23 Guinness book of world records award, 40 billboard award, 13 Grammy award and 26 American Music Award.

HOW TELEPORTATION WORK?

Teleportation is a hypothetical way to transport something from one place to another by converting them in the form of energy which can travel at the speed of light. On reaching the destination, that energy can again converted into that something.

Let’s say we want to transfer a ball, now according to quantum physics we can’t transfer the object itself but we can send all the information about it. Things to be notes is that everything is made up of “atoms”.

And the quantum physics every atoms has it’s own distinct properties. So these properties combined together and gave that ball it’s identify known as quantum state identify. Now if two atoms have same quantum state then they are same.

So when we want to transfer that ball, if we can send its quantum state information from one place another, and can have atoms with same information, then we can get that same ball. This is how teleportation works.

WHAT IF WE RAN OUT OF WATER?

About 71% of earth is covered with water and human body contains upto 60% water. So there is a huge importance of water in our day to day life.

So there two types of water present on earth, first is drinkable and usable, this is the water we use cook, clean and drink, these are fresh water, so if we ran out of this, we won’t be able to survive on earth for more than a week.

Vegetation and animals will suffer badly. With no source of water, crops will fail and animals will die. Only those plants and animals made to survive in such harsh conditions will be able to survive, but not for to long.

As the land dry, chances of fire would increase, and this could be really worse, as we won’t be able to control that fire. This fire will spread with a very high speed resulting in many deaths. Now let’s remove second type of water, that’s ocean water.

96% of water on earth is ocean water. They play major role of providing moisture that turn into rain, which fills our lakes and rivers. So no ocean water means no rain. Also ocean water helps to main Earth’s temperature.

Ocean water absorbs lots of heat radiated from sun, so no water mean, Earth’s surface will heat up. Temperature on earth will increase suddenly and will reach an unbearable stage, mostly at equator. So in summary things won’t be good without water.

EGGS BENEFITS

EGGS HELP TO IMPROVE PERFORMANCE:

Eggs have a high satiety index, meaning they make you feel full for longer. One large egg supplies 6g of high quality protein and a large variety of essential nutrients, with the exception of vitamin C.

EGGS CAN HELP TO IRON OUT PROBLEMS:

Many people with wild iron deficiency experience vague symptoms of tiredness, headaches and irritability. Iron is the carrier of oxygen in the blood and plays an important role in immunity, energy metabolism and many other functions in the body.

EGGS IMPROVE NUTRIENT ADEQUACY OF THE DIET:

The nutrient density of eggs makes them a valuable contributor to a nutritious diet.

Eggs do not increase the blood “bad” cholesterol.

EGGS CAN HELP TO PROMOTE WEIGHT LOSS: Eggs with toast have a 50% higher satiety index than regular breakfast cereals.

EGGS HELP TO PROMOTE BRAIN HEALTH:

Choline is a nutrient that facilitates brain development in the foetus and newborn as well as memory function even into old age. Eggs are an excellent dietary source of choline, and one egg per day will provide 28% of a pregnant woman’s choline requirement.

Eggs help to prevent cataracts and to protect eye sight.

Eggs can help to protect our bones, eggs are one of the few natural food sources of vitamin D, our sunshine vitamin, vitamin D is essential for calcium absorption and for maintaining optimum bone health.

THE RISE OF DARK TOURISM EXPLAINS OUR FASCINATION WITH TRAGEDIES!

Tragedies, deaths, misery. These words are dreaded by most of the people; however, the history attached to them has always sparked curiosity. This curiosity has also caused a rise in a rather unconventional type of tourism known as Dark Tourism.

BUT WHAT EXACTLY IS IT?

Dark Tourism, aka Thanatourism, is another type of tourism where tourists visit places of historic tragedies with deaths and misery linked to them. So why would someone visit place like Kala Pani in Andaman & Nicobar islands rather than enjoying the Serene beaches? Are they sadists? No one knows for sure.

Examples of historic tragedies include genocide, assassination, incarceration, ethnic cleansing, war, disasters, etc., And surprisingly these places are thronged by visitors. One reason could be the strong association of the supernatural with these places, and tourists flock in the hope of finding some signs of spirits or paranormal activities.

Another probable reason could be that people are naturally fasinated with the dark side. People want to learn about how past tragedies influenced their current world. Sometimes people may visit out of a sense of respect or exploration.

Philip stone, the executive director of the Institute for Dark Tourism Research at the University of Central Lancashire, said: “I think when we go to these places, we see not strangers, but often we seen ourselves and perhaps what we might do in those circumstances.”

An online website run by dark tourists called Dark-Tourism.com, reveals that almost 900 places in 112 countries have a ‘Dark Story’. But how ethical and safe in dark tourism? Should nations profit over historical tragedies? The answer various from person to person, but this type of tourism is seeing a huge influx.

In a 2018 Netflix documentary called Dark Tourism, journalist David Farrier visited locations with a dark past. Some of these still had radiation, reports of paranormal activity, and murders.

One of his conclusions was that people returned home feeling grateful and happy. Paradoxically, it appears people felt better than expected after reliving other people’s misfortunes.

Some notable places of dark tourist spots like the catacombs, 9/11 museum, Auschwitz concentration camps, Jallianwala bagh, Roopkund, etc. Are places regarded by dark tourists for the grim history they hold behind.

RHNULL IS SUCH A RARE BLOOD TYPE, THAT LESS THAN 50 PEOPLE ARE KNOWN TO HAVE IT GLOBALLY

There are literally millions of varieties of blood types, and the rarest one is shared by fewer than 45 people on earth.

We are filled with red blood cells that carry oxygen through our bodies. Antigens cover these cells like cream on a cake. The appearance of antigens on your red blood cells are like little name-tags that tell your body, “Hi, it’s me,” to which your antibodies respond, “Nice! The rest of us won’t attack you.” Your blood cells latch onto these antigens to act as a shield against infection.

If you lack an antigen that 99 percent of people have, then your blood is considered rare.

The rarest blood type is Rhnull. Unlike other blood types, people with Rhnull blood have no antigens on their red blood cells. This blood type is so rare that less than 45 people on Earth have ever been reported to have it, and there are only nine active donors.

Untill 1961, doctors assumed a person lacking all Rh antigens would never even make it out of the womb alive. “It’s the golden blood,” Dr. Thierry Peyrard, the director of the National Immunohematology Reference Laboratory in Paris, told Mosaic.

Rhnull and other rare blood are extremely valuable. “Because Rhnull blood can be considered ‘universal’ blood for anyone with rare blood types within the Rh system, its life-saving capability is enormous.

THE STORY OF JACKIE CHAN- FROM STUNTMAN AND BEING A FAILURE TO OSCAR WINNER

Jackie Chan was born in Hong Kong in a very poor family, his father worked as a cook and his mother as a housekeeper for the French ambassador. Jackie Chan grew up to be a very energetic kid but because of his dyslexia he had troubles learning in school so, he ended up being the worst student. When he was only 7 years old his parents moved to Australia for work and decided that Jackie Chan should stay in Hong Kong in a very strict boarding school where he would learn, Acrobatics, Martial Arts, Singing, Dancing. So, for the next for ten years, he trained all day long and some days, he trained for 19 hours.

He said that the process of mastering Martial Arts was “Very Painful” and because the boarding school was very strict if some mistakes were made, harsh punishments followed and as things weren’t hard enough, he was also bullied by the other kids. He was terrified to stand up for himself until one incident happened “I was pullied quite a lot when I was growing up in my Peking Opera School. I allowed my self to be bullied because i was scared and didn’t know how to defend myself. I was bullied untill i prevented a new student from being bullied. By standing up for him, i learned to stand up for myself.”

He couldn’t drop out of the school because he had nowhere else to go his parents were in Australia. Years later, he learned that his father had been a spy so that’s why they had to move his father was hiding in the American embassy. At 17, Jackie Chan started working as a stuntman and an movie extra in many films he was quickly becoming known for his lack of fear and dangerous stunts and he was terrified before every stunt, but he saw it as chance to stand out, he was even working as a stuntman to Bruce Lee, but unfortunately he didn’t have success as an actor so, defeated he moved to Australia with his parents and started working in construction.

When he was 21, he returned in Hong Kong determined to succeed but his Kung Fu movies, again, were complete failures finally, he decided that he didn’t want to become the “Next Bruce Lee” he wanted to become the “First Jackie Chan” do something new and forge his own path so with the perfect combination of comedy and his own style of martial arts the audience loved the new genre he created and he become a huge star in Asia and after many years of hard work, broken bones and determination finally became famous and successful in Hollywood at the age of 42.

Even though he never fully learned how to read or write or use a computer. Jackie Chan has made more than 100 movies speaks 7 languages holds the Guinness world record for most stunts by a living actor. After 56 years in the film industry he won an Oscar for lifetime achievement.

SO WHAT CAN WE LEARN FROM THE MOTIVATIONAL SUCCESS STORY OF JACKIE CHAN?

When Failures and Hardships knocked him on the ground. Every time he came back even stronger and more determined to succeed.

And, DO YOU KNOW HOW HE WAS ABLE TO DO THAT,?

“He was never afraid to break his own limits. Don’t be a prisoner of your own mind. Stop overthinking everything, stop wishing, and start doing. We don’t know how many tomorrow we have break from the cage of self-doubt and be free and remember the only limits that exist are the ones in your own mind.”

WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF DEATH?

One day a woman lost her husband and after a few days, she lost her son. He was the only child of her. She was completely lost, her child was the only hope. So she went to Buddha with her dead son. Buddha said he can revive him but only in one condition. Woman agreed.

Buddha said, “it’s a simple condition, just go into the town and bring few mustard seeds, but remember the mustard seeds should come from the house where nobody has ever died”. The woman went on search of the house where nobody has ever died, cause mustard seeds were easily available.

This was the only crop the people were growing, the whole town was growing so there wasn’t a problem. People we’re ready to give a full bag of mustard seeds, but couldn’t fulfil the condition. Many people have died in their house.

So their mustard seed couldn’t fulfil the condition. She knocked on every door in the town but couldn’t find a house where nobody has ever died. While walking back to buddha she understood that death can’t be escaped or avoided.

“LIFE IS A BEAUTIFUL LIE AND DEATH IS A PAINFUL TRUTH”. With every passing a day, we all are moving close to the truth, the only difference in time. The whole universe work in the concept of balancing. If there is light there will be darkness too, if there is happiness there will be sadness too, if there is life there will be death too.

Why we believe death as people leaving their loved ones and why not it is considered as the beginning of new life, when you lost someone, around the globe someone took birth. Death is the beginning of new life. It’s given in GEETA “One who takes birth, one day has to die, the motive is to free the pure soul.”

Last year we lost more than 3 million people around the world because of COVID. But according to the UN, more than 140 million babies joined the world. So the purpose isn’t just the ending of life, it’s more about starting a new life with new bonds and memories.

WITH FIRES RAVAGING UTTARAKHAND, ODISHA, HIMACHAL PRADESH, MADHYA PRADESH THE SEASON OF FOREST FIRES IS FAR FROM OVER

With over 1,000 incidents of forest fires reported over the last six months, including 45 in the last 24 hours, Uttarakhand has reached out to the Centre for urgent assistance to control the forest fires raging in the state. However, Uttarakhand is not only state that has come under the grip of forest fires.

There have been several forest fires in Himachal Pradesh, the Nagaland – Manipur border, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, and Gujarat since the beginning of 2021, including in wildlife sanctuaries.

In India, April-May is the usual season when forest fires take place in various parts of the country. However, recently, forest fires in some states, particularly Uttarakhand, have been more frequent and untimely than average and have also reportedly taken place during winter.

While usually the peak time has been recorded to be May’s third week, when the temperature is the highest, this year it has started from the first week of April, leading to untimely high-intensity fires that are harder to predict and control.

Forest fires can be caused by several factors. Emerging studies link climate change to rising fires globally, especially the massive fires of the Amazon forests in Brazil and the Australian Wildfires (among the ‘worst wildlife disasters in modern history’) in the last two years.

Under natural conditions, factors such as intense heat and dryness and friction caused by the rubbing of branches have also been known to start a forest fire. However, officials believe that many big fires in India are sparked by human activity

A tiny spark from a cigarette butt or a carelessly discarded matchstick can start a raging fire. For example, in Odisha, where a big fire broke out last month is Simlipal forest, villagers are known to set dry leaves one fire in order to gather mahua flowers, which are used to make a local drink, the Indian Express notes.

In India, with 1.70 lakh villages in close proximity to Forests (census 2011), rising forest fire are a sign of extreme trouble. The heat generated during the fire also destroys animal habitats and renders the area barren for years.

SHE ATE NUGGETS FOR 15 YEARS, THIS IS WHAT HAPPENED?

Stacey Irvine is a British National. When she was 2, her mother gave her Chicken Nuggets she loved it, and started demanding it daily. As Irvine grew up, she was hooked to Nuggets the couldn’t face even trying other foods and her mother gave up giving other food. Irvine ate Nuggets as primary food for 15 years and never tried eating fruits or vegetables.

At the age of 17, Irvine was rushed to hospital various body tests shower that her body was depleted of vitamins and minerals that are necessary for leading a healthy body. She was given the required treatment, but doctors said that its is a large psychological issue probably started during her early developmental stage which is why she prefer a limited range of food.

HERE’S HOW THE TIFF BETWEEN GOOGLE AND AUSTRALIA COULD CHANGE THE FUTURE OF THE INTERNET!

The world’s biggest tech Giants, including Facebook, Amazon and Google, have been the target of increased scrutiny over their ‘monopoly tactics’. After violent events and closed local businesses (linked to some of these platforms), countries worldwide are now looking forward to introducing regulations for these platforms.

Possibly one of the biggest challenges that Google has faced in recent history came into highlight on September 7 when Australian PM Scott Morrison said that the expects a “Sensible outcome” to his government’s plans to make digital platforms to pay for journalism.

The plan that he was referring to is the government’s News Media Bargaining Code law.” This code was proposed following an inquiry in 2019, which found out that platforms such as Google and Facebook were taking away “too large a share” of the online advertisement profits from local Australian media.

The enquiry found that for every A $100 of online advertising spend, $53 goes to Google, $28 to Facebook and just around $19 to other media companies. Since the states make it clear that advertisers now spend more money on social media websites and search engine, local news channels have been starved of their primary revenue source – showing ads to their readers.

In fact, in May 2020, News Corporation stopped printing more than 100 Australian newspapers, citing a decline in advertising. According to the Australian Newsroom Mapping Project, insufficient advertising revenues have forced the closure of over 200 Australian news organizations since January 2019.

The government proposed that do provide a level playing field, Google and FB should pay for local news content that appears on their news feed and searches. While Google has claimed that the law is skewed in favour of big media companies, FB argued that news reports make up “only a fraction” of what the platform users get in their feeds.

This tussle can have wide-ranging impacts on how these platforms work in their countries, including India. According to a FICCI-EY report, there are 300 million users of online news sites, portals and aggregaters in India – Making up approximately 46 per cent internet users and 77 per cent of smartphone users at the end of 2019.

If this code influences regulations in other countries, it could mean that users will face significant changes in how they use these platforms. The different could range from removal of local news content to even complete shutdown of these services.

After a months-long standoff and no clear conclusions, Google recently threatened to disable its search engine in Australia while FB asked for a six month grace period.

NOKIA WAS ONCE FAMOUS AS A MANUFACTURER OF TOILET PAPER

The company that eventually become Nokia was founded in southern Finland as a pulp mill company in 1865. Over the decades it expanded into then – emerging industries such as electrical power generation and manufacturing telephones.

In the 1960s, Nokia was a conglomerate selling everything from toilet paper to car tires. But by the late 1980s, it had spun-off almost everything except it telecommunications businesses.

Along with Motorola, Nokia helped pioneer the mobile industry in the 1980s and 90s and by 1998 Nokia was the largest mobile phone maker in the world.

This was such an unlikely development that most Finn’s had great trouble understanding that Finland could be global leader in the evolution of consumer electronics. For Finns, Nokia was a brand familiar from black rubber boots with an unusually clever heel design and the new triple-layer Nokia toilet paper that gave you that luxurious wiping experience.

Nokia itself was a tiny, boring village. It had been a center for Russian fur trade 70 years earlier, when it was named after a small, furry animal with a black pelt. “Noki” means “soot” and “Nokia” means “The Black One.”

Nokia’s first smartphone, 9000 communicator arrived in 1996, 11 years before the iPhone. It combined email, fax, sophisticated calendar functionally and a massive display into a svelte package that weighed less than 400 grams.

Although things have turned out sour for Nokia over the years, our childhoods are surely attached to it.

THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA WAS HELD TOGETHER BY STICKY RICE

Rice glue is a gel or liquid adhesive made out of a smooth much of well- cooked white rice, diluted to the desired thickness with water. It has been used since antiquity for various arts and crafts.

One of the widely known structures once glued together with this rice glue ‘The Great Wall of China.’

Totaling more than 13,000 miles in length, with 2,300-year-old history, the wall was built to prevent invasion from the Mongols and protect the Silk Road Trade. Thousands died during its construction; many remain buried within. The best-known and best-preserved portions of the Great Wall date to the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).

Scientists at Zhejiang University in china while researching about the mixture of mortar used for building the Great Wall when realized something unusual was added to the standard mixture of like (limestone that has been heated to a high temperature) and water. It was sticky rice! The mixture also made it the world’s first example of composite material.

The Ming Dynasty, workers developed sticky rice mortar from a mixture of slaked lime – a standard ingredient in mortar – and sweet rice flour. Many of these structures remain intact. In fact one Ming-era tomb remained stock-still against the advances of a modern-day bulldozer!

BUT HOW EXACTLY DOES THIS “SECRET INGREDIENT” WORK?

When amylopectin- the organic portion of the mortar recipe- comes into contact with calcium carbonate- inorganic part -a complex interaction occurs. Acting as an inhibitor, the amylopectin controls the growth of the calcium carbonate crystal.

Who would’ve thought that this gloppy side dish can help the ancient Chinese wall stand for centuries, with its “legendary strength.”

HOW TO DONATE ORGANS?

If they have, then they will chack you physical condition and do some basic checkups and if they found that you are physically fit and healthy enough to donate then you can donate. Then your name is registered into National Transplantation Waiting list.

Organ transplant is not a one day process. So if you are interested in donating your organs you can contact hospital near you whether they provide organ donation or not.

Now these have some categories like blood type, body size, tissue type and time on list. In case if someone’s brain is dead but his/her organ are active then Hospital contacts Organ Procurement Organisation.

This organization check whether that person have ever registered for organ donation or not. If yes then they ask family members and if not then they try to convince them. One donor can save 8 lives.

Now if the donor organ are found healthy for transplantation, then Hospital contact patients who need organ and match requirements. If matched then organ is shifted to hospital and transplanted.

It’s your choice no one have right to force you, it’s all upto you. If someone tries to take your organs by threatening or without your knowledge then it’s illegal. Did you know more than 4 lakhs people die in India due to lack of organ donor.

Organ donation is still something most people aren’t aware of. It’s ok if you don’t want to donate your organs till you are alive but why not after death. After death bodies either buried or burned. Why not let’s save someone’s life when we die.

In every religion saving someone else life is considered to be the best you can do. every year lakhs of people loose their life alone in world, just imagine if even half of them donate their organs after death, then it can lakhs of lives.

DO FISH SLEEP?

In general we recognise someone is sleeping when their eyes are closed. EXCEPTION: I can sleep with my eyes open during any boring lectures.

So we have seen almost every land animals including human, close the eyelid when they sleep. That fishes don’t have eyelid, their eyes are open 24/7.

Many people who keep fish as pets said that sometimes the fish seems to stop, they don’t swim. It seems like they are just relaxing. Maybe this is how they sleep? Or taking a quick nap? Obviously it’s not easy to tell because they don’t have eyelid.

There are some kind of fish that move constantly their whole life. Most fish that live in group do this. These fishes swim constantly throughout there life and Scientist thinks that these fishes might never sleep their entire life.

Many fishes that lives in Coral reef, these fishes hides themselves somewhere and stop moving. Some fishes won’t even react if you will touch them. So, maybe some kind of fish do sleep but very light.

SCHOOL WAS A LIE

In school we were told that humans have 5 senses which are touch, sight, hearing, smell and taste. But in reality we’ve more than 18, here are 13 senses no one told you about.

STRETCH RECEPTORS:

EVER HAD THE URGE TO PEE? These receptors are found in lungs, bladder and stomach.

TENSION SENORS:

Helps monitor tension in muscles.

EQUILIBRIOCEPTION:

Allows you to keep your balance when drunk this sensor doesn’t work properly.

HUNGER: Detectors when you need to eat something.

MAGNETO RECEPTION: The ability to detect magnetic fields.

THIRST: Monitors hydration level of body.

THERMOCEPTION: Ability to sense heat and cold, it is different from the sense of touch.

PRESSURE: Helps us feel pressure at parts.

PROPRIOCEPTION: Tells us where the body parts are, while eating dark, it tells where the mouth is.

ITCH: Causes the Itch sensation in body.

NOCICEPTION: Related to the feeling of pain.

TIME: Allows people to perceive time however how people perceive time is debatable.

THIS VIROLOGIST SAVED MILLIONS OF LIVES AND DEVELOPED 40 VACCINES!

Alexander Fleming, Gregor Mendel, Hippocrates are some of the most prominent names in the field of biology and medicine. However, this unsung hero was a biologist who single-handedly ended a Pandemic and developed 8 of the 14 necessary vaccines for the children today.

Maurice Hilleman, a virologist born in August 1919 in Montana had seen diseases his whole life. From the peak of the Spanish flu to the 1957 “Asian Flu” pandemic, his journey was not an easy one.

As a doctoral student in microbiology at the University of Chicago, Hilleman proved that Chlamydia was caused by bacteria and not a virus. Realising his strength, he went against his professor’s wish and worked in pharmaceutical industry.

When the influenza virus was a confusion in the vaccine industry, Hilleman proved that due to mutations in the virus, it allowed them a surpass the already developed antibodies from vaccines. This is when he realised that a strain oblivious to Scientists would begin in a pandemic in the US.

He realised that the influenza strain in Hong Kong could be different from the US one, which would result in a huge death toll. After requesting the military to collect virus samples, a month later he received gargled salt water from an ill Navy officer who had been to Hong Kong.

On further investigation, he realised that the no one in the US had antibodies against this strain. Wasting no time, along with manufacturers, they produced 40 million doses of the vaccine. Over 1.1 million people died and 116,000 died in the US. However, if not for Hilleman the toll would have been much higher.

Hilleman and his team went on to produce 8 of the 14 parliament vaccines for children: measles, mumps, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, chickenpox, meningitis, pneumonia, and Haemophilus influenza ( Hib Vaccine). In 2005, Hilleman Succumbed to cancer.

No one in the medical community could be given as much credit for single-handedly saving millions of lives as Maurice Hilleman in the 20th century. A true superhero indeed!

HOW ARE PEOPLE BUYING LAND ON MOON IF THE SPACE TREATY DOESN’T ALLOW THAT?

In 1967 Soviet Union, the United States and the United Kingdom came up with an international treaty called the “Outer Space Treaty”. 109 countries, including India have signed the treaty. So,

WHAT DOES THE TREATY STATE?

According to the treaty, “Outer Space is not subject to National appropriation by claim of sovereignty, by means of use or occupation, or by any other means.” Basically, none of the members those countries can use space for any commerical activities.

Even after this, we have heard about people buying a piece of land.

HOW IS THAT POSSIBLE?

A person can claim to own a piece of lunar land using the Title IV of Space Resource exploration and utilisation Act of 2015, section 402.

The act states that, “A U.S citizen engaged in commerical recovery of an asteroid resource or a space resource shall be entitled to any asteroid resource or space obtained, including to possess, own, transport, use and sell it to applicable law, including US international obligations.”

Non- US citizens, can possess lunar property and resources by contracting an agent with US citizenship but this bill was never passed in the US parliament. This makes it impossible and illegal to buy or sell the lunar land. Taking us back to square one.

What the other companies are doing while selling the land is, they are making a written agreement that when this becomes legal, the land will be owned by the buyer.

THE MYSTERIOUS ‘BLACK DIAMOND APPLE’ FACES A GRIM FUTURE

From being used in snacks and desserts to being the famous logo of one of the world’s biggest technology brand, apple is nothing less than a legendary fruit. However, there are many things about this delicious fruit which remain unknown.

One such mystery is that of the ‘black diamond apple’ – a rare variety of apple that gleams with such shine that it has earned its “diamond” nickname. The fruit is so rare that it is reportedly not available I any part of the world except for some selected high-end supermarkets in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen.

So far, the Black Diamond has only been know to grow in a region around 3,100 meters above sea level in Nyingchi, Tibet. The region’s high altitude exposes the apples to a lot of ultraviolet light, which is conducive to the dark skin.

Despite what the name suggests, the apple actually has a purple hue, with white pulp on the inside. Some formers and consumers have claimed that this rare variety is sweeter and crispier than any other variety available. However, there’s a possibility that you may never get a chance to taste these elusive fruits.

As mentioned, this variety requires a very high altitude for its cultivation. Its exceptional farming conditions take a toll on farmers, and there’s no assurance of its demand since one apple reportedly costs around $6.82!

However, there’s a mysterious twist to this story. Despite some reports about the falling production growth of black diamond apples, some farmers and food experts are convinced that these dark purple apples don’t even exist.

Because of the minimal amount of information present about this unique variety, many have claimed that the photos circulating online have been enhanced to make the fruits darker than they really are.

THE ONLY JAPANESE WHO SURVIVED THE TITANIC LOST HIS JOB BECAUSE HE WAS KNOWN AS A COWARD IN JAPAN FOR NOT DYING WITH THE OTHERS

Honour, duty and shame are three traits that have been deeply rooted in the Japanese culture of centuries.

Masabumi Hosono was the only Japanese traveller to board and survive one of the biggest maritime tragedies, the Titanic.

As an employee of the Japanese Transportation Ministry, Masabumi Hosono had a work trip he had to complete and had booked a seat on Titanic to back home.

Hosono described his experience of the sinking of Titanic in a letter he had written to his wife. He wrote that he was already preparing mentally for taking his last breath and hoping “not to leave anything disgraceful as a Japanese.”

Hosono eventually reached his homeland, where newspaper headlines declared him the “Lucky Japanese Boy”.

But soon the tables turned, and Japanese newspapers started criticizing him publicly and blaming him for making it through while so many had died in the ocean.

Things got worse, and Hosono was fired from his post at the ministry. People called his deed unethical. Although Hosono was later given back his job as he was a very skilled employee. However, the disagree persisted in shadowing the family name.

LOBSTERS PEE OUT OF THEIR FACES

A bit of research on lobsters reveals that they have a bizarre past and are known to exhibit some unique behaviors. Intrigued?

For instance lobsters pee from their faces. Yes, you heard us right! In general, lobsters don’t get really get along. So, in order to communicate these animals pee on each other’s faces. If you’re a lobster hunkered down in your own cave, you need to communicate with other lobsters walking by. That’s where pee come in!

The lobster’s bladder is located under the brain. The rosette glands are connected to the urinary tract, so they can produce pheromones (chemicals used to communicate) and then introduce them into the urine stream. Pheromones are created, added to the urine and then released from nephropores at the base of their antennae. The pheromones are used mostly for love and war.

It has been measured that lobsters can transmit urine signals up to seven body lengths ahead of them.

SOMETHING STRANGE IS KILLING OUR GALAXIES

In some of the extreme of Universe entire galaxies are being killed right now. The formation of new stars is being shut down and,

SCIENTISTS ARE TRYING TO FIND WHY?

ALMA is a group of 66 radio telescope in the chile. Scientists used ALMA to study over 51 galaxies located in nearby cluster, the virgo cluster. They mapped the presence of hydrogen gas that works as a fuel for the formation of new stars.

Study found that as the galaxies move through cluster they interact strongly with their surroundings these interactions often quash the star formation.

These clusters also have the intergalactic Plasma which can remove their gases, the fuel of stars turning them into a dead object with no new stars.

THIS IS HOW FIRST HUMAN LOOKED LIKE

47 years ago in 1974, Scientists were looking for fossils in Ethiopia. When they found pieces of a very old skeleton. They took the fossils back to camp to find its age study found that it is 3.2 million years old remains of one of the earliest human being.

Further research showed that, it was a female she was small, with a small bone structure and was about 12 years old at the time of death so they decided to name her, Lucy.

Based upon the size of skeletons discovered, Scientists have estimated her height and weight created reconstructions of her body. But we can’t estimate how much hair she had and her mysterious death at an early age but roughly, this is how LUCY looked like.

DO BLIND PEOPLE DREAM IN VISUAL?

For those who are born with eyesight but later went blind can experience visual dreams. Dreams are drawn from memories that re stored in the brain, which is developed while experiencing the outside world.

But when we ask same question with people blind since birth, they say “no”, because they don’t know what visual images are. When someone says “apple”, image of an apple is formed in our mind because we have seen it, but it does not go same for blind people.

People blind since birth have no experience of connecting visual sensation with external objects or relating them to what others have explained. So Scientists have to perform brain scan while they were sleeping.

Scientists found that these people have some type of vision related electrical activities in the brain as normal eyesight people have during sleep. They too move their eyes while sleeping.

Therefore it is highly likely that people blind since birth do experience visual sensation while sleeping. They just don’t know how to describe the sensation.

While people blind since birth do dream in visual images, they do it less often and less intensely then sighted people. Instead they dream more often and more intensely in sound, smell and touch sensation.

WHY COVID-19 VACCINE IS TAKING SO MUCH TIME?

Developing a safe and effective Vaccine is a complex process that typically 10 years or more. There are different phases in developing a Vaccine. Let’s take a look at each one by one.

1. ACADEMIC RESEARCH:

In this Scientists explore various ways for finding a successful Vaccine. The understand the life cycle of the organism, and how our immune system responds to it.

Our body fights with any unwanted organism in our body by creating antibodies. And a Vaccine helps or trains the immune system to create antibodies to fight with virus. It’s time consuming process which can takes years.

2. PRECLINICAL TRIALS:

Once any sample vaccine shows effective results, researchers move on to next stage. Now Scientists being the vaccine on animals.

The test help Scientists to understand how an immune response in the body in presence of Vaccine. It also helps to understand the response they might see in humans.

3. CLINICAL TRIALS:

During this the researchers begin testing on human subjects. First they test it on 10-12 people, if the vaccine encourage the immune system in the way researchers expected, then they it on hundreds of people. And then thousands of people.

4. FDA APPROVAL:

During this Scientists and advisory committees will review the studies to ensure the vaccine is as safe and effective as researchers say it is. Literally less 10% of them get FDA approved.

5. MANUFACTURING:

Once the vaccine pass all the test, now it’s time for manufacturing. But before manufacturing begin, factories needed to be built.

6. DISTRIBUTION:

Now once the vaccine is created, question arises, WHO SHOULD BE VACCINATED FIRST? Making available vaccine to everyone around the world gonna take some more time.

BEWARE! HUMANS ARE POSSIBLY GOING TO EVOLVE TO BE VENOMOUS!

In a recent study, researchers from the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) and the Australian National University attempted to address an old evolutionary biology question:

HOW DID VENOM GLANDS EVOLVE IN ANIMALS?

The team studied the venom – producing tissue in Taiwan habu vipers, a pit viper found in Asia. By observing the snakes genes, the scientists gained a clearer understanding how they express the proteins that make up the snakes venom.

The team then focused on the genes that collaborate with venom genes and identified nearly 3,000 “cooperating” genes that shield cells from stress and control protein modulation and folding.

Surprisingly, when the Scientists cross-examined these genomes with those of mammals, they found that they had their own version of these genes! The study explained that both reptiles and mammals share the same genetic foundation needed for oral venom to evolve.

It is worth nothing that mammals, such as shrews, and solenodons, have already evolved oral venom systems (based on salivary glands) for prey capture or defense. The study sheds light on the fact that our (humans) genetic foundation too has the potential!

Taking example of mice, the researchers mention that “If under certain ecological conditions, mice that produce more toxic proteins in their saliva have better reproductive success, then in a few thousand years, we might encounter venomous mice.”

This means that humans and other mammals hold the potential to evolve to be venomous. As co-author Agneesh Barua mentioned, “Essentially, we have all the building blocks in place now it’s up to evolution to take us there.”

EATING TOO MUCH OF SALT CAN REDUCE YOUR MEMORY?

Common short term side effects of consuming too much salt include swollen hands and feet or a swollen face.

It also reduce the kidneys ability to remove water, therefore increasing blood pressure which can eventually lead to strokes and congestive heart failure. As the kidneys constantly work overtime to flush out excess salt, they can develop kidney disease.

But a latest study done on mice shows the connection between high salt intake and memory. The mice after feeding 8 to 16 times more salt than normal for 8 to 12 weeks, showed sign of memory and thinking Problem.

While studying, Scientists found that excess of salt in diet increases the amount of certain proteins which reduces the supply of nitric oxide ( a very important chemical to make your brain work properly).

When the nitric oxide level drops, blood vessels cannot relax, which leads to less blood flow to the brain. Which can affect our memorising and thinking power.

BATS SING LOVE SONGS TO EACH OTHER

The cave-dwelling crooners wow one another with their voices. Yes, we are talking about bats.

In 2008, Dr. Kristen Bohn of Texas A&M University and her team, discovered that Brazilian free-tailed bats (Tadarida brasiliensis? Sang intricate and complex “love songs” to woo prospective female mates.

This song appeared to contain defined phrases and syllables, the researchers found that all the bats produce songs with a common hierarchical structure, and individual males added their own particular flourishes in the songs.

These phrases can be either chirps, trills or buzzes. “All are constructed from the same four types of syllables and all syllables are combined in the same way to form three types of phrases,” said Dr. Bohn.

Another research was conducted by Dr. Emma Teeling, from University College Dublin’s school of biology and environmental science, om horseshoe bats in Tunisia and Bulgaria.

Dr. Teeling and her team found that their sonar calls were closely connected to their chances of getting lucky.

As per study males with higher pitched calls found more mates – and fathered a higher number of babies, but their high pitch also made it harder for them to find food. “Essentially it is an attractive handicap, a little like a peacock’s tail,” quoted Dr.Emma.

STUDY REVEALS THAT ONCE YOU DIE, YOU ARE CONSCIOUS LONG ENOUGH TO ACTUALLY KNOW YOU’RE DEAD

Your brain may know about your death. Studies suggest that after your heart stops, your brain stops working as well.

IF YOUR BRAIN HAS SHUT DOWN, HOW IS THAT POSSIBLE?

Sam Parnia, MD, PhD, director of critical care and resuscitation says, “Since the 1960s, when CPR was developed and we began to be able to resuscitate people whose hearts had stopped, many of them have reported these unusual experience in which they had full awarness, consciousness, of events going on at the time of their cardiac arrest.”

Parnia’s study examines what happens to the brain after a person goes into cardiac arrest and whether consciousness continues after death and for how long – to improve the quality of resuscitation and prevent brain injuries while restarting the heart.

The stories where some people whose hearts have stopped beating described out-of-body experiences, in which they feel like they’ve left their bodies and seen the efforts to revive them.

Studies have found that 6 to 23% of cardiac-arrest survivors report lucid memories that fit with a near-death experience.

Another example of his a scientific study about people they were beheaded by the guillotine during the French revolution, suggested that their brains were still active for a short time immediately after the blade severed head from their body.

Think about it, as blood flow stops and the brain looses it’s source of fresh oxygen, it also looses contact with rest of the body. As the oxygen in the remaining blood in the brain is depleted it will start to loose contact with the rest of the nerves and at some point becomes unconscious of it’s surroundings. This should take about 15 to 30 seconds.

During this time we believe that the person’s brain knows that something is up. But it takes several minutes for all of the brain function to cease.

It’s hard to say exactly when real death occurs but we’re sure that the doctors are right about your brain knowing that you’re dead.

BEAUTY WITH BRAINS! HEDY LAMARR

Hedy Lamarr was an actress and inventor. She Co-invented a frequency-hopping technique in order to get messages past the Nazis in WWII, which is now used for Wi-Fi, CDMA and Bluetooth Technology.

At the beginning world war 2, Lamarr and composer Geroge Antheil developed a radio technology for allied torpedoes, intended to defeat the threat of jamming by the Axis powers.

She also helped improve aircraft aerodynamics for Howard Hughes while they dated during the war. Although the US Navy various spread-spectrum techniques are incorporated into Bluetooth Technology and are similar to methods used in legacy versions of Wi-Fi.

Recognition of the value of their work resulted in the pair being posthumously inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 2014.

WHY TICKLING MAKES US LAUGH?

Our brain always try to understand the world and predict what’s going to be next. So when something starts in the same way we predicted and it suddenly change and surprise us, we often react with laughter.

Because we have just learned something new. Like you might have seen babies laugh the most because they are learning. We got bored after listening the same joke again and again because we know what’s going to be next.

BUT HOW TICKLING MAKES LAUGH?

Human body is made to survive and defence itself. And when we react to tickling, we are actually defending us. That’s why many of us don’t like to be tickled.

Tickling is an alarm, that something is present or running over our body. And wen we find, that something is a human, we laugh. Because we are social animals. Our Laughing helps us to build bonds.

BUT WHY DON’T WE FEEL TICKLING WHEN WE OURSELVES DO IT?

Well, our brain knows that it’s our own self who is tickling, so our brain don’t react.

WITHOUT THIS WE’D ALL BE DEAD

Earth’s atmosphere is a mixture of gases with 78% Nitrogen, 21% Oxygen, 0.93% Argon, etc. We all know without Oxygen we’d be dead but,

WHERE DOES THIS OXYGEN COME FROM?

People believe that trees provide us oxygen but that’s not completely true. Trees provide us only 28% of our oxygen whereas 70% of it is produced by marine plants such as Phytoplankton.

Phytoplankton are microscopic marine algae that live near the surface of the oceans and like all plants, they photosynthesize. Phytoplankton get their nutrients from ocean water producing Oxygen as a byproduct of photosynthesis.

HOW BABIES BREATHE IN THE WOMB?

In the earliest weeks of pregnancy a baby looks like a ball of cells than a person in these weeks, there’s no need to breathe. But as a baby starts to grow, it needs oxygen. After 5-6 weeks, the Umbilical Cord develops and starts delivering oxygen to the fetus’s body.

Which means mother breathes in for the baby and oxygen in her blood is transferred to the baby’s blood. The mother also breathes out for the baby as Co2 from the baby is moved to the mother’s blood. After 36 weeks lungs are fully develop but baby take their first breath only after birth.

Sometimes mother worry if the baby will breathe, as it travels down the narrow path during birth but even then Umbilical Cord continues to supply baby with oxygen.

CRAZIEST PRODUCTS SOLD ON AMAZON, GLOBALLY!

Amazon has been the world’s go-to for A to Z products, which also includes products that you probably would have never thought of in your weirdest of dreams.

We’ve summed up some crazy products that are there on Amazon fro people to spend their hard-earned money on. Trust us the ratings aren’t bad either.

Here’s where to put your last two brain cells at work.

DEHYDRATED WATER:

It’s sold for $10.99/16 oz. And all that you have to do is just add water to it.

BTW, dehydration happens when your body doesn’t have enough fluids.

AIN’T IT BRILLIANT?

BABY MOP:

It’s sold for $29.99. Teach your baby how to mop, in their initial years of crawling.

Don’t worry about the dust.

JAY NOTHING:

It’s sold for $19.71. The packaging is great and hey, it’s a gift for nothing. We’ve are sure you’ve gifted and looked for everything.

DOG WIG:

It’s sold for $9.57. pamper your dog, give them a hairdo!

NEIL ARMSTRONG HAIRDRESSING SCISSORS AND COMB:

It’s available for $38,641. No, Neil never owned it, instead it was used by his barber to cut his hair.

POUND OF REPLICA HUMAN FAT:

It’s sold for $23.73. composed of rubber, use it as a paperweight or just it stare at you, remind you of the fat you need to lose.

WHY SWITZERLAND IS THE MOST EXPENSIVE COUNTRY IN THE WORLD?

If you don’t live in Switzerland and earn in Swiss Franc (currency of Switzerland) than yes it’s really the most expensive country in the world.

Just for comparison the food which cost around 300 RS in India will cost your around 2000 RS or 40 Swiss Franc in Switzerland. Hair cut can cost you around 4,400 RS.

BUT WHY SO EXPENSIVE?

Before industrial Revolution Asian countries like India used to be rich countries because of agriculture. But as the industrial revolution European countries started growing.

Asian countries had climate suitable for agricultural but it was not the same for Europe which forced people from Europe to innovate. Which is why industry revolution first came in Europe and every countries started running behind.

Switzerland creates and export high end luxurious products to others countries, which give them a huge amount of money. There are highest number of per capita millionaire.

As per statistics, every 10 person in Switzerland is a millionaire. Historically Switzerland has always been one of the safest country for rich people. During World War many European millionaire’s shifted to Switzerland.

Now as these millionaire shifted there, seller increased prices of there products because they knew these millionaire will still buy it because they are rich. Which increased price of everything.

But it’s beneficial for people living there because their income match the standards of living. So they find travelling to other countries cheaper.

WHY WE CAN’T OPEN EYELID FOR LONG?

Every time you blink, from the corner of your eyes, a blend of secretions are released that clean and lubricate the intricate machinery of the eye. These secretions include oils and mucous, secretions that prevent the eyeballs from drying out.

The brain is remarkably good at fooling you. We don’t see this blackout usually untill we pay focus. Study showed that the brain cleverly ignores the darkness by switching off during every blink, as though it never emerged.

When you try to hold blinking, your eye, especially the cornea, starts to dry out after just a minute or two. It’s somewhat dependent on how healthy the rear film is, which varies in different people.

The eye becomes uncomfortable. It burns. The lacrimal gland is stimulated to produce tears, and the think reflex is stimulated. The longer you go without blinking, stronger the stimulation to blink gets. An adult blinks at least 12 times every waking minute.

WHY SOME PEOPLE HAVE DIFFERENT EYE COLOUR?

The pupil (black spot in the middle of your eye), is actually a hole that allows lights to enter the eye. Around this hole is the coloured part of the eye called Iris. Iris regulates the size of the pupil and how much light is allowed to enter the eyes.

This Iris had pigment called melanin in it to protect it against light. Everyone has pigments at the rear part of Iris but not everyone has it at the front. So the amount of pigment in front of the Iris decides the colour of eyes.

Green is the most rare eye colour, it’s estimated that only 2% of the world’s total population have them. And brown is the most common eye colour worldwide.

BBC REGULARLY REHEARSES THE QUEEN’S IN ORDER TO MAKE SURE THAT THEIR COVERAGE OF IT GOES WITHOUT A HITCH WHEN SHE ACTUALLY DIES

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) holds regular practices stay prepared for the death of the Queen and other senior members of the Royal Family of England, according to anoymous participant of the practice sessions.

“Every six months, a meeting happens that doesn’t happen,” said another participant in anonymity. The scenario keeps changing too, he added for instance at one rehearsal, staffers imagined a scenario in which the Queen’s husband, Prince Philip was accidentally shot dead by his son Edward while hunting.

Adding to this he said after decades of practice, nothing about the media’s coverage of an important funeral will be left to chance: ‘Every camera position, every branch of every tree, every cable position has been nailed down. That’s been true for 30 years.”

In 2015, BBC had to issue an apology one of its journalists believed a rehearsal to be real and tweeted about the Queen’s death.

WHY DO LECTURES SEEM SO LONG AND BREAKS SO SHORT? IT’S NEURON FATIGUE!

The human brain is very complex. An hour can sometimes feel too long or it goes by in a blink. A recent study by Hayashi and Ivry monitored brains of 18 healthy volunteers using MRI to understand the skewed perception of time in the brain using time illusion.

The participants were shown a grey circle on a black background for a time frame several times in a row. It was found that when this time frame exposure was new, the neurons fired up, but as the sets were repeated, the activity reduced.

Basically, your neurons get bored of being put in the same time frame and begin experiencing fatigue.

BUT HOW DOES IT SKEW OUR PERCEPTION OF TIME?

Neurons are brain cells and just like other cells new ones are continuously formed, so all get different exposures and that skews our perception.

If neurons are exposed to a stimulus for a long time the participant overestimates time and if exposed to a shorter stimulus, the participant underestimates the time. This can distort our sense of time in the real world.

For example, in a lecture, if the information being fed to your brain sounds repetitive, the neurons can experience fatigue, whereas if there is an interaction or interesting new information, you wouldn’t fee that the time dragged by.

WHY PEOPLE WITH TATTOO CANNOT DONATE BLOOD?

It’s not that you can’t donate blood if you get a tattoo but there are certain conditions like you can’t donate blood if your tattoo is less than a year old. This goes for piercings and all other non-medical injections on your body too.

Introducing link, metal, or any other foreign material into your body affects you immune system and may expose you to harmful viruses. This can affect what’s in your bloodstream, especially if got your tattoo somewhere they doesn’t follow safe practices.

If there’s a chance that your blood has been compromised, the donation center won’t be able to use it. An unclean tattoo needle can carry a number of bloodborne infections, such as: hepatitis B, hepatitis C, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

You may still be able to donate blood if you got your tattoo at a state-regulated shops are routinely monitored for safe and sterile tattooing practices, so the risk of infection is low. So before getting a tattoo do checkout that it’s safe.

IN 1508, RATS IN A FRENCH TOWN WERE CHARGED FOR DESTROYING BARELY CROPS. THE LAWYER REPRESENTING THE RATS ARGUED THAT IT WAS NOT SAFE FOR HIS CLIENTS TO COME TO COURT AND THEREFORE, THE RATS WERE ACQUITTED

One fine day, in 1508, Autun, France, witnessed small, scurrying feet eating their crops, hence committing a crime. Yes, rats! But it was not something medieval, and church law could not handle.

The small French town and its people decided enough was enough and they’ll do something different from killing the rodents. They issued a citation to the rats.

The rats were asked to appear before le terrible ecclesisatique ‘d Autun, solemnly presided by the local vicar: The Township of Autun versus johns and Jones Doe, also known as rats or “Les rats,” the charge said rats ate or destroyed the barley crop of local formers.

Autun cathedral (completed in 1146) hosted the trial. Barthelemy de chasseneuz represented rats. The rats failed to appear on the first day of the trial.

Chasseneuz pointed out that the summon was invalid because his clients were not pack animals and tend to live alone.

The judge decided the maitre de Chasseneuz had a valid legal point, and each of his clients was served with summons individually.

But rats did not appear on the second citation as well. This is where chasseneuz really played his cards and defended rats by implying that Autun Courthouse, especially in 1508, was filled with deadly peril: cats, dogs, and hostile people, and it was unsafe for.his clients to attend the Autun courtroom.

A change of venue was pointless since his clients would suffer the same peril anywhere in France. The rules were the same as they are now for humans. If an accused cannot be assured of personal safety in attending upon a court, they may be excused from obeying the citation. And the rats were acquitted.

WHAT ARE SOME FACTS ABOUT ELON MUSK?

Elon musk was born in South Africa in 1971. He became famous for starting Tesla Motors and SpaceX but he first made his fortune as a co-founder of PayPal. Musk provided a large amount of inspiration for the Hollywood character Tony Stark (iron Man). In fact, parts of Iron Man 2 were actually filmed inside and outside of SpaceX.

At age 12, Musk taught himself computer programming and created a video game called Blaster, which he sold for $500. After dropping out of grad school, Musk quickly established his first company –Zip2, which provided online newspapers with maps and business directories. He sold the company in 1999 for $307 million.

In 1999, Musk co-founded X.com, an online payment company that eventually become PayPal before being acquired by eBay for $1.5 billion in stock (of which $165 million way given to Musk). Elon is a dedicated reader, his favorite book being The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams.

Musk co-founded Tesla Motors, a company that designs and manufactures electric sports cars. Tesla was able to succeed in the electric car market where other large manufacturers failed. He now serves as CEO and chief product architect at Tesla.

Musk is one of the major driving forces behind SolarCity, a company founded by his cousins. He is also the largest shareholder of the company. Elon Musk also founded SpaceX (Space Exploration Technologies), a company that creates and manufactures space launch vehicles, with a particular focus in rocket technology.

His aim is to reduce the cost of space flight in hopes of expanding human life beyond Earth. (We guess India can help him in reducing cost, between 2013 and 2015, ISRO charged an average of $3 million per satellite launch whereas SpaceX $60 million).

Musk invested all his own money into the company to make SpaceX a reality. SpaceX has a $1.6 billion contract with NASA to resupply (and eventually ferry people to) the international space station. But Elon Musk didn’t settled with Tesla and SpaceX.

Elon Musk has signed the giving pledge, in which pledges promise to donate the majority of their wealth to philanthropic efforts. In 2013, Musk introduced the Hyperloop, a new form of transportation in which they’ve succeeded in achieving a speed of 670 mph (~1078 Kmph).

24 PLANETS MORE HABITABLE THAN EARTH HAVE BEEN IDENTIFIED

Extra-terrestrial life is all we read about those days and now Scientists have identified 24 planets outside our solar system that may have conditions more suitable for life that the Earth itself. The researchers sifted through the 4,500 known exoplanet’s beyond our solar system for good candidates.

The study, published in the journal Astrobiology, details characteristics of potential “superhabitable” planets, that include those that are older, a little larger, slightly warmer and possibly wetter than earth. The researchers noted that it would be much easier for life to thrive on planets that circle stars that are changing slowly and have longer lifespans than our sun.

These planets certainly harbour the right conditions for life, but it does not mean life exists there. It took nearly 4 billion years before any of of complex life appeard on earth, similarly with ideal conditions it would take time for complex life to develop on some of these planets.

But before we think, it’s time to pack our bags, the 24 top contenders are all more than 100 light years away, but it’s a ray of hope for Scientists who are trying to find life away from the Earth. And you never know, with space travel gaining momentum, we might even find a way to travel that far.

WHY HUMAN LOSS WEIGHT AFTER DEATH?

21 GRAM EXPERIMENT:

It was an experiment done by Duncan MacDougall to find out the weight of soul. For his experiment he selected 6 people from hospital who were going to die soon. When MacDougall came to know they are going to die, he placed their bed over weight machine.

MacDougall already did this experiment on dogs out there were no change in weight before and after their death, that’s why he wanted to prove that only humans have soul, animals don’t have soul. So MacDougall began his experiment.

Just after death, some patients suddenly lost their weight, but again gained back that weight after some time, some patients lost 21.3 gram, which they never gained back and while conducting experiment on some patients, there was an error in calculation so it wasn’t counted.

After experiment, average weight loss after death was 21 gram but still the experiment wasn’t accurate. MacDougall never got chance to continue his experiment, many people opposed his experiment, saying it’s against nature. But Scientists have different opinion about weight loss.

According to many Scientists, human loss weight after death because relaxation of muscles, this includes anal and urethral sphincters. Due to which a few gram of urine and poop is released. Also Diaphragm relaxes due to which another several grams of air is released. This whole together results in weight loss after death.

HOW CHAMELEON CHANGE THEIR COLOUR ACCORDING TO SURROUNDING?

Many of us think that chameleon change their colour to hide themselves and blend in with their environment. But that’s not the case. When they are calm it is green or a male chameleon change the colour in presence of female or rival male.

Chameleon on their skin has different cells, this cells contains coloured pigments. Some are yellow, others are red and some contains dark melanin pigments. So by spreading or condensing this pigments, they change their colour. But there is something more.

A recent study showed that they don’t have any green colour pigments,

SO HOW CAN THEY TURN INTO GREEN?

Chameleon change colour with the help of pigments as well as cells containing tiny crystals beneath the yellow pigment. Now whenever the arrangement of these tiny crystals is changed, some amount of light is reflected with others are absorbed. Above Grey-white image represent crystals.

The light which is reflected, mix with pigments colour and give chameleon it’s colour. For example blue added with yellow gives green, so when blue is reflected by crystals and mix with yellow pigment, chameleon achieves green colour.

SPINACH IS A GREAT FUEL, NOT JUST FOR OUR BODY, BUT ALSO FOR OUR CARS!

Apparently Popeye isn’t the only one who gets a kick from can of spinach, apparently your car batteries can be powered by spinach too!

A new study by the American University found that Spinach can actually be used a catalyst for car batteries and fuel cells and it actually works better than most precious metals.

The Carbon-based nanosheets needed to speed up the oxygen reduction reaction in fuel cells and metal batteries are made from metal based catalysts like Platinum. But research reveals that carbon nanosheets made from spinach outperform the traditional platinum ones.

Spinach is rich in iron and nitrogen. It can be easily obtained, is cost-effective and can now basically power everything from electric cars to military equipment. Making this widely applicable will not only make our transport cheaper but it will also make it incredibly sustainable and the process much less toxic.

HOW MANY LUNGS DO SNAKES HAVE?

Snakes generally have one fully developed (right) lungs. However, some species can have 2 or 4 lungs, or a semi developed lung (left). Snakes can breath in three way,

When they are on land they can use lungs, when they are in water, they breath through gills present inside their mouth and snakes can also breath through their skin, mostly in desert area.

Snake can’t chew their food, they swallow them. Snakes have very flexible lower jaws which allow them to swallow animals who are 75% to 80% larger than their own head.

Through India has more then 250 species of snakes, only few are venomous. And among them only four species are the reason for maximum deaths. These are Spectacled Cobra, Monocled Cobra, Russell Viper and Common Krait.

Snakes don’t have eyelid, also they do not have any external ears which make them deaf. They can hear from the vibrations on the ground.

Females of some species can store sperms inside their body for a period of 3-6 months after mating. They do so to ensure that they only give birth when there’s food available. Some snakes can survive without food for upto 2 years.

A few species of snakes such as the yellow bellied water snake can give “virgin births” where the female doesn’t need to mate with the male. They give birth through a process called parthenogenesis.

WHAT IF WE DON’T BATH FOR YEAR?

Just in couple of day will smell so bad that people won’t come near you. This will be due to bacteria, sweat and dead skin cells that remain on your body if you don’t bath. With time the layer will increase which you can notice.

Any of such condition will lead to growth of bacteria and yeast. You will become more open to different kinds of infections. You will suffer some major hairfall and itching on your head because you didn’t wasted your hairs to.

You will experience all kinds of rashes, itching and irritation on your skin. This will be experienced the most around genital. Soon you will start to notice fungi growing in your body. With your skin will become oily or super dry.

Your hair too will get oily and will collect a huge amount of dirt and pollutants, causing a really dirty smell with itching and dandruff. Your face will be covered with pimples and acne. So boys and girls take some notes and shower everyday.